Laws and Penalties: Concerns over growing illegal AAS abuse by teenagers, and many of the just discussed long-term effects, led Congress in 1991 to place the whole AAS class of drugs into Schedule III of the Controlled Substances Act (CSA). Under this legislation, AAS are defined as any drug or hormonal substance, chemically and pharmacologically related to T (other than estrogens, progestins, and corticosteroids) that promotes muscle growth. The possession or sale of AAS without a valid prescription is illegal. Since 1991, simple possession of illegally obtained AAS carry a maximum penalty of one year in prison and a minimum $1,000 fine if this is an individual’s first drug offense. The maximum penalty for trafficking (selling or possessing enough to be suspected of selling) is five years in prison and a fine of $250,000 if this is the individual’s first felony drug offense. If this is the second felony drug offense, the maximum period of imprisonment and the maximum fine both double. While the above listed penalties are for federal offenses, individual states have also implemented fines and penalties for illegal use of AAS. State executive offices have also recognized the seriousness of AAS abuse and other drugs of abuse in schools. For example, the State of Virginia enacted a law that will allow student drug testing as a legitimate school drug prevention program (48, 49).
The strength training circuit (STC) produces a total-body training effect for the development of strength and mobility. (See Table 9-9.) A sequence combining a CL, a military movement drill, and kettlebell exercises works every muscle group with active recovery between stations of exercise. The STC is best conducted at platoon level. The STC may be laid out around a running track, field, or any area of adequate size, and with access to climbing bars and kettlebells. This paragraph provides a diagram of the STC, using a running track, climbing bars, and kettlebells. (See Figure 9-34.) Conduct preparation according to Chapter 7 after a walkthrough and brief explanation of the STC exercise stations. (See Table 9-10.) The circuit may be completed in three rotations. Soldiers spend 60 seconds at each station. The instructor controls exercise time using a stopwatch and uses a whistle or horn to signal a change of station. At the end of all circuit rotations, recovery is conducted according to instructions in Chapter 7.