PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 61 patients with SIJ pain who were treated with CT guided intraarticular steroid injection were retrospectively reviewed. Visual analog scale (VAS) scores for pain control were recorded for short-term (day after injection, first week, third week) and long-term (sixth months and final control) follow-up times. SIJ arthritis was graded using CT images according to the New York criteria. Patients were assigned into low-grade (0, 1 and 2) and high-grade (3 and 4) groups. The relationship between arthritis grades and VAS scores in short and long-term follow-ups were statistically analyzed.