[ Editor's Note: Chryste Gaines, MBA, Olympic gold and bronze medal sprinter and former teammate of Marion Jones in the 2000 Sydney Olympic Games, stated the following in a Dec. 22, 2008 email to in response to the IOC ruling:
"We are being unfairly punished. If the drug testing agencies cannot determine if an athlete is taking performance enhancing drugs how are the teammates supposed to know?... It negates all the family functions, church functions, and social events we missed in the name of winning an Olympic medal." ]
Hormone Replacement Therapy. Several large studies have shown that the use of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) doubles or triples the risk for gallstones, hospitalization for gallbladder disease, or gallbladder surgery. Estrogen raises triglycerides, a fatty acid that increases the risk for cholesterol stones. How the hormones are delivered may make a difference, however. Women who use a patch or gel form of HRT face less risk than those who take a pill. HRT may also be a less-than-attractive option for women because studies have shown it has negative effects on the heart and increases the risk for breast cancer.
Congratulate you and your whole team on the grand success of the Conference held in Philadelphia, USA. It was well planned and organized. Since all members of the managing committee were very friendly and sincere we felt homely at all moments. Moreover, my especial thanks are due to you and your team for the kind cooperation, hospitality and management. I look forward and wish you the best for the next meeting to be held in 2016. Once again, I thank you and all the crew members associated with the 4th International Conference and Exhibition on Metabolomics & Systems Biology. With my sincere regards and best wishes, to you and your team.