An antibody , also called immune globulin (Ig), is a large, Y-shape macromolecule made by plasma cells that's employed by the system to spot and neutralize pathogens like microorganism and viruses . The protein binds to a singular molecule of the harmful agent, referred to as antigen, via the variable region. Antibodies gets secreted by cells of the immune system.
Related Journals of Antibodies
Food & Industrial Microbiology, Plant Pathology & Microbiology, Archives of Clinical Microbiology, Clinical Microbiology: Open Access, Medical Microbiology & Diagnosis, Monoclonal Antibodies in Immunodiagnosis and Immunotherapy, Human Antibodies , Tissue Antigens, Antibodies — Open Access Journal , International Journal of Interferon, Cytokine and Mediator Research, Chinese Journal of Antibiotics, Antibodies Journals, Biochemical Engineering Journals .
In the case of alkanes, mono-oxygenase attack results in the production of alcohol. Most microorganisms attack alkanes terminally whereas some perform sub-terminal oxidation. The alcohol product is oxidized finally into an aldehyde and finally to a fatty acid . The latter is degraded further by beta-oxidation. Different microorganisms exhibit different group specificities. For example, some grow on alkanes of six to ten carbons in chain length, whereas, others grow on long chain alkanes. Some of the oxygenases are encoded on plasmids and others on chromosomal genes. Subterminal oxidation apparently occurs in some bacterial species ( Markovetz and Kallio, 1971 ).